Human trafficking is a public health and safety issue that impacts individuals, families and communities around the world. Traffickers routinely target at-risk populations. Victims are often individuals who have experienced or been exposed to forms of violence, such as: child abuse, maltreatment, interpersonal violence, sexual assault, and community and gang violence, or individuals that lack a stable support system, such as: runaway and homeless youth, unaccompanied minors, and persons displaced during natural disasters.
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 was the first comprehensive federal law to address trafficking in persons. The TVPA, which has been reauthorized through the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) in 2003, 2005, 2008, and 2013, includes both sex trafficking and labor trafficking as severe forms of trafficking in persons.
Human trafficking is a crime under federal and international law. It is also a crime in every state in the U.S. It is important to understand from the federal definition that anyone under the age of 18 who is induced to perform a commercial sex act is automatically a trafficking victim.
Arizona Human Trafficking Council
The Arizona Human Trafficking Council was established to address human trafficking in Arizona through strategic and targeted human trafficking prevention and awareness efforts.